AND TROPICAL STORMS
PROJECTIONS, FORECASTS, ACTUAL TRACKS, IMAGES and MAPS of:
ALEX BONNIE CHARLEY DANIELLE EARL FRANCES GASTON
HERMINE IVAN JEANNE KARL LISA MATTHEW NICOLE
PICTURES OF DEVASTATION: CHARLEY FRANCES IVAN JEANNE
2004 ATLANTIC STORMS
ALEX (3*): July 31-Aug. 6; 121 mph; crossed North Carolina's Outter Banks early, then out to sea.
BONNIE: Aug. 3-12; 63 mph; heavy rains over Florida's Panhandle and Georgia.
CHARLEY (4*): Aug. 9-15; 144 mph; ravaged Central Florida, continued near-shore to Cape Cod.
DANIELLE (2*): Aug. 13-21; 103 mph; formed Eastern Atlantic, headed north, did not make landfall.
EARL: Aug. 13-18; 46 mph; died westbound in Caribbean, did not make landfall.
FRANCES (4*): Aug. 25-Sep. 7; 145 mph; extensive damage to Florida, Georgia and the Carolinas.
GASTON: Aug. 27-Sep. 1; 69 mph; extensive flooding of Carolinas and Virgina.
HERMINE: Aug. 29-31; 52 mph; across Cape Cod, Massachusetts, light damage.
IVAN (4*): Sep. 2-17; 140 mph, landed Florida Panhandle, LARGEST HURRICANE of Season.**
JEANNE (3*): Sep. 14-29; 115 mph, FRANCES' path, extensive wind and flood damage East U.S.
KARL (3*): Sep 16-27; 126 mph, a large and powerful Mid-Atlantic hurricane, did not make landfall.
LISA (1*): Sep. 20-Oct 3; 75 mph; formed near and below Karl, tracked northward for 2 weeks.
MATTHEW: Oct. 8-12; 56 mph; formed in the Gulf, landed then soaked MidWest.
NICOLE: Oct. 10-12; 56 mph; formed near Bermuda, tracked northwestward, died.
Category 1: Winds 74-95 mph. Storm surge 4 to 5 feet above normal. Damage primarily to unanchored mobile homes, shrubbery and trees. Some damage to poorly constructed signs and piers.
Category 2: Winds 96-110 mph. Storm surge 6 to 8 feet above normal. Some roof, door and window damage of buildings. Considerable damage to mobile homes, small watercraft, trees, poorly constructed signs and piers. Flooding of coastal and low-lying areas.
Category 3: Winds 111-130 mph. Storm surge 9 to 12 feet above normal. Some structural damage to small residences. Mobile homes destroyed and large trees blown down. Coastal flooding destroys smaller structures and floating debris damages larger structures. Terrain lower than 5 feet above sea level may flood as far as 8 miles inland.
Category 4: Winds 131-155 mph. Storm surge 13 to 18 feet above normal. Wall failures and roof collapses on small residences, and extensive damage to doors and windows. Complete destruction of mobile homes. Major coastal flooding damage.
Category 5: Winds greater than 155 mph. Storm surge greater than 18 feet above normal. Complete roof failure on many residences and industrial buildings. Smaller buildings and mobile homes blown over or completely blown away. Major damage to lower floors of all structures less than 15 feet above sea level and within 500 yards of the shoreline.
** Ivan caused deaths in Florida, Alabama, Louisiana, Georgia, Mississippi, Tennessee, Carolinas, Maryland, Pennsylvania, Connecticut
Hurricane Season Links
Florida's Coming Hurricane Calamities
Florida's 25 year switching between active and quiet hurricane eras is due to a natural fluctuation of the water temperatures and atmospheric conditions governed by the Atlantic Ocean.
Florida EXPLORES! - Atlantic Hurricanes
Florida State University offers this meteorology resource, which includes the FSU Guide to Tropical Weather Data Products, an introduction for the casual or novice user.
Archive of Past Hurricane Seasons
The National Hurricane Center's Tropical Cyclone Reports contain comprehensive information on each storm; including synoptic history, meteorological statistics, casualties and damages, and the post-analysis best track.
HURRICANE KATRINA PHOTOGRAPHS - 2005
HURRICANE RITA - 2005
NATIONAL HURRICANE CENTER - Tropical Prediction Center
U.S. Navy Tropoical Cyclone Page - NOGAPS, Charts and Images
National Center for Atmospheric Research - GFS, RUC, ETA & MM5
Experimental Weather Forecasts from FSU - AVN, CMC, GFDL and UKM